spartina alterniflora scientific name

ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina may resemble native sedges (carex spp. Also the leaves of the gulf cordgrasses are stiff and very pointy. In its native range, it is beloved by environmentalists. P.M. Peterson & Saarela – cordgrass. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Seed and flower heads are the most reliable way to distinguish between different species of grasses. Spartina glabra var. Official website for Spartina 449, an upscale women’s handbag and accessory company, featuring linen and leather handbags, accessories, jewelry and more. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Spartina Schreb. Cordgrass reduces open mud feeding habitats of shorebirds, competes with indigenous salt marsh vegetation, and alters the hydrology, structure, and function of wetlands. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Diking may be used as a way to confine the lateral spread of rhizomes. off. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. [web application]. Scientific Name: Spartina Schreber. Habitat. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Saltwater to brackish marshes in intertidal zone. glabra (Muhl. any name or code. Spartina anglica. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other off. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Nursery Availability Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. on. var. Ecosystems. Within Order, scientific names are presented ... Spartina alterniflora Smooth cordgrass Spartina patens Salt-marsh hay Spartinaspp. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together … Copyright 2012-2020. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . For comments, suggestions or to report errors: [email protected], Emergent vegetation, grass; found in the intertidal zone; leaves wider than other. The name change won't grow very easily on the millions of coastal residents for whom "spartina" has become synonymous with Southeastern coastal life. In a presentation at the N.C. Museum of Natural Sciences Nature Research Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, I cited a new Latin binomial, Sporobolus alterniflorus, for our well-known smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora. But how well did we really know our plant friend when we didn’t even have its name right? : Page(s): ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Subordinate Taxa. Find out how. Created by Brenda Bowling, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. Yes. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. A planthopper (prokelisia marginata), was released in Washington in 2000 as a biological control agent for smooth cordgrass and it has significantly reduced seed survival at some sites. Grasses like spartina have hollow stems that distinguish them from sedges. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Spartina alterniflora : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Species. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. This grass out competes native plant species, including rare and endangered plant species, reducing marsh biodiversity and ecology functions. common cordgrass. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) 1-8 ft August - October Scirpus ... Scientific name Annotated ... Common name Plant height Blooming period This basic field guide illustrates the most common plants in Virginia’s tidal salt marshes where the salinity range is between 10-25 ppt. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Higher taxon. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. (Gramineae). Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. Flower Info; Sightings; Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Species. Cordgrass is in parts in Puget Sound, Grays Harbor, and Willapa Bay. Scientific names are presented in taxonomic groupings to the Order, except for the Monera and Fungi, which are presented only by Phylum. As of 2011, species include: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. (No picture) Common names. Spartina glabra The word Spartina is derived from σπαρτίνη (spartínē), the Greek word for a cord made from Spanish broom (Spartium junceum). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Attendees met the citation with expressions of surprise, angst, disappointment, disgust and disbelief. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. No. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. WSSA list of weeds in North America. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers. Distinctive features: Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) is a perennial, spreading grass from one foot tall in spring to six or eight feet tall in fall. smooth cordgrass. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. It since has spread, vigorously colonizing intertidal saltwater areas as well as the perimeters of freshwater areas. Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Yancheng coastal intertidal zone in 1979 (Xu et al., 1989), and a continuous area of S. alterniflora has formed since 2000. Once established, controlling and managing cordgrass is extremely difficult and expensive. It also has been reported in Jefferson, Kitsap, and Mason Counties, and small populations were recently located near the mouth of the Columbia River. pilosa (Merr.) 1916. – smooth cordgrass – Atlantic coasts of North and South America, West Indies There are no related plants for species Spartina alterniflora. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Fernald: SPAL8: Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) Summary of Invasiveness. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! Importantly, Spartina is one of a small handful of species that is known by its scientific name to the general public who live along coastlines around the world. The leaves of the marshhay and gulf cordgrasses are usually rolled inward. New plants can grow from the outstretched rhizomes, eventually forming large patches. Seedlings can be hand pulled or covered with a geotextile fabric. « Back to Records. Spartina alterniflora. Common Name Smooth Cordgrass Group Monocotyledon Family Poaceae (Gramineae) Wetland Indicator Category OBL Growth Form Rhizomatous perennial grass with robust aerial stems, forming dense colonies Habitat Saline or brackish marshes. alterniflora : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina glabra var. … Other scientific names. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters from the East Coast or as packing material in ships’ cargo. Spartina alterniflora. Rhizomes, a type of underground stem, spread outwards from a cordgrass plant in all directions. By 2017, the width of S. alterniflora was 1.88 km, the length was 12.90 km and the area was 3,925 ha. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Joseph BiTomaso, University of California – Davis, Bugwood.org, Wendy Brown, Department of Natural Resources, Leaves have flat blades and can be 1/4 to 3/5 inch wide and 12 to 20 inches long, Ligules, the outgrowth from the sheath of the leaf blade, consist of a fringe of hairs, Flowers grow from 4 to 16 inches tall and about 1/3 to 1 inch wide, each made up of 5 to 30 flowering spikes. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. Spartina alterniflora var. Clumps of cordgrass or seeds can break off and wash across bays and root in new areas. 5 In areas of Washington, such as Padilla Bay, S. alterniflora appears to grow at lower tidal elevations than native salt marsh species; no other plants are found on the seaward side of S. alterniflora (Balthuis and Scott 1993; Wiggins and Binney 1987).Spartina usually occurs in a single species stand, although there can be community overlap at the edge of some salt marshes Eastern North America, Caribbean islands, eastern South America. Search. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Pop the word in … Native Introduced Native and Introduced. var. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. 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