sacred scripture of african traditional religion

Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted or practiced. What people are saying - Write a review. Practitioners of Ifa mainly live in Africa, the Caribbean Islands, and some parts of the Americas. African traditional religions is a term referring to a variety of religions indigenous to the continent of Africa.. sanctuaries: Consecrated (or sacred) areas of a church or temple. In my dealings with Roman Catholics, the subject of tradition invariably comes up. New York, 1991. RELIGION FROM AN AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE . ... African traditional religions also place great importance on the community. For example, an African amulet might have inside of it a written verse from either the Koran or Christian Bible. sacred tree, the leading elder takes the calabashes from the chil-dren. 1: Theories concerning the origin of religion . For example, in 14 of the 19 countries surveyed, more than three-in-ten people say they sometimes consult traditional healers when someone in their household is sick. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. To the successors of the apostles, sacred Tradition hands on in its full purity God’s word, which was entrusted to the apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit. To efficiently study the African Traditional Religion (ATR), one must also study the people who practice this religion. Traditional African medicine is also directly linked to traditional African religions. The semisacred books that were excluded were labeled by Christians the Apocrypha (Greek: “Hidden Away”). "The Role of Women in African Religion." Facing Mount Kenya, he raises the calabashes and addresses God with the following prayer. Ifa is a system of divination in traditional African religions that has emerged as a semi-independent religious theology. So Fisher’s idea was that, once Christianity came into the African Traditional Religion context –or Islam, either one, because both of them represented superior religious structures -- he believed that the demise of African religion was inevitable. It is most difficult to properly understand a religion if you do not know it’s history. The Bible and Christian theology have to address this dominant influence and impact upon the traditional African life. Religious traditions of Africa. Baha'i Library Online. Even in the 21st century, many African folk costumes or garments are still in use by the locals. A submission on the components of African philosophy and sense of time. Religious texts are texts related to a religious tradition. Like all human cultures, African folklore and religion is diverse and varied. From inside the book . African Traditional Religion is not essentially idolatrous, but it has a tendency to become so if the cult and the symbols of the divinities are so emphasized as to exclude the Supreme Being. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. No longer was reference made to African culture, it became barbarism. The juggernaut was in motion; it may take time, but eventually it would happen. African Traditional Religions and Culture in Botswana: A Comprehensive Textbook. AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION: ITS RELEVANCE IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD A few years ago Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia wrote these revealing words: The coming of Christianity had a complex effect on the African world view, partly disrupting and pardy enlarging it. James Amanze. Contents. This includes five countries (Cameroon, Chad, Guinea Bissau, Mali and Senegal) where more than half the population … African traditional religions are difficult to research, as there is an absence of scriptures or the written word. 0 Reviews. This book presents a portrait of African religious history framed in the religious themes common to the rest of the world. Traditional African Religious Beliefs and Practices % exhibiting high levels of belief and practice Q51c, f-k/Q68f-i. While Islam and Christianity tend to be overtly resistant to adopting traditional African religious ideas or practices, indigenous African religions have always accommodated other beliefs. The Jewish canon, known to Christians as the Old Testament, was fixed by a synod of rabbis held at Yavneh, Palestine, about 90 ce. 59 – 73. These beliefs have passed a long history in seclusion from the whole world, they are connected with the African traditions passed on by the tribes from generation to generation. According to him, the belief in spirits and ancestors is the most important element of African religions. The various divinities that are represented are in fact technically representatives or servants of the Supreme Being. Translations of Shayhi, Babi, and Baha'i Texts. For sacred Scripture is the word of God inasmuch as it is consigned to writing under the inspiration of the divine Spirit. Traditional African concepts of reality and destiny are deeply rooted in the spirit world. Chapter Three, Where African Religion is Found (pp. 1. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. Culture and spirituality share space and are deeply intertwined in most African cultures, which have been heavily influenced by the introduction of Christianity and Islam during the era of European colonization. Traditional African religions Despite the popularity of world-famous churches, the traditional religions of Africa are still in demand and used, as they were centuries ago. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. I don't want to get bogged down in all that business though. Background . We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. ATR is the original religious belief and practice of the Africans. And that’s alright – it helps to grow African economy and fight the poverty. In various ways some African biblical scholars have demonstrated that the African continent contributed in more than one way towards the development of the history of the Bible. It looks at the traditional religions that provided the philosophical, religious, and ethical basis of African culture. Religion in Igbo traditional society partakes fully of all the features of world traditional religion, including its beliefs, sacred myths, oral qualities, strong appeal to the hearts of adherents, high degree of ritualization, and possession of numerous participatory personages such as officiating elders, kings, priests, and diviners. The fact that there are no written scriptures by the votaries of African traditional religion, does not in any way mean that the concept of the Supreme Being does not exist in their ontology. 19-30), lists rituals, sacred places, art and symbol, proverbs, names, myths and customs and then mentions Africa south of the Saharah where, even among converts to Islam or Christianity, may be found elements of traditional African spirituality. Members of the same village or community are expected to help each other and share each other's burdens, as social solidarity is the norm. In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian- Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan area of the Central Region. The beliefs and practices of African Traditional Religion are said to have been handed down from generation to generation by both verbally and as well as by the practical performances as narrated earlier on. African traditional religion towards other religious beliefs and practices wi ll alwa ys serve as an example for Christians and Muslims as they struggle for mutual co-ex istence. These places often become the focus of com Scripture - Scripture - Scriptures in Western religions: The most precisely fixed canons are those that have been defined by official religious bodies. When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Africans. Bible and they have been a truly religious people. What is the influence and impact of this dominant religious belief in spirit beings upon the whole of traditional African life? Actually the Religion is said to have no founder and has no sacred books such as the Bible for the Christians. These oldest religions of the world,have had their history and traditions handed down orally and preserved in the culture and religious artifacts of the African people. London, 1969; 2d ed., Oxford, 1990. John S. Mbiti explains that though the knowledge of God as the Supreme Being is not For Shiite Muslims the Nahjul Balagha is a sacred scripture second only to the Qur'an. African Traditional Religions Baha'i Buddhism ... African Religion (Internet Sacred Text Archive) "This section has texts on the traditional spirituality of Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as their descendants in the New World." Of course, a lot of people from other parts of the world like and often buy the traditional outfits from Africa. In African Traditional Religion in Contemporary Society, edited by Jacob Kehinde Olupona, pp. African religions, religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of Africa.It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures.In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. A large collection of primary and secondary source materials and resource tools. Mbiti, John. The Africans are known to be intensely religious people. Pula Press , 2002 - Botswana - 459 pages. They use their sacred text, the Odu Ifa, to complete their divinations. Many of the World Religions are more known than ATR in many parts of Africa (Adedeji, 2012). The continued influence of traditional African religion is also evident in some aspects of daily life. According to Clemmont E. Vontress, the various religious traditions of Africa are united by a basic Animism. Acacia trees growing on the savanna of Tanzania. Everyone is in fact a religious carrier. Roman Catholics put a great deal of emphasis on their, so-called, sacred tradition which the Roman Catholic church asserts is equal to Scripture. portrayed in African religions. They differ from literary texts by being a compilation or discussion of beliefs, mythologies, ritual practices, commandments or laws, ethical conduct, spiritual aspirations, and for creating or fostering a religious community. Mernissi, Fatima. African Religions and Philosophy. The extensive spirit world of African religion includes spirit guardians that reside in natural landmarks such as rivers, mountains, or trees. 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