Ukrainian: Дунай, romanized: Dunaj (IPA: [dʊˈnɑj]);  The Danube River Basin is divided into three main parts, separated by "gates" where the river is forced to cut through mountainous sections:. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Iron gates II design and performance of dams- geotechnical considerations", Executive Agency for Exploration and Maintenance of the Danube River, "Straturi etimologice reflectate în hidronimia românească", Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register, Danube River Basin District, Part A – Roof Report, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR): Danube Basin/River Basin, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, "Riječni gusari u Srbiji pljačkaju hrvatske brodove", "Ukrainian Danube Shipping Company Says Its Ships Are Being Attacked Frequently in Romanian Part Of River Danube", "Українські кораблі все частіше стають жертвами румунських піратів", Reports Of 'Pirates Of The Danube' Get The Old Heave-Ho, State Hydrometeorological Bureau of the Republic of Croatia, "Press release of the "ARGE Donau Österreich, Danube watershed map and information from the World Resources Institute, danubemap.eu – The Tourist Map of the Danube, Bridges of Budapest over the Danube river. In the Austrian and German sections of the Danube, a type of flat-bottomed boat called a Zille was developed for use along the river. Danube is an Old European river name derived from a Proto-Indo-European *dānu. Ancient Greeks used the Danube as main trade route, navigating up from the Black Sea up to the area around the ‘Iron Gates’ – a gorge located on the border between Serbia and Romania. Austria is located on the Danube River, and Vienna is a port of call for ships sailing between Budapest and Amsterdam or between Budapest and Nuremberg or Passau on shorter voyages. On the other hand, media reports say the crews on transport ships often steal and sell their own cargo and then blame the plundering on "pirates", and the alleged attacks are not piracy but small-time contraband theft that is taking place along the river. The lakes regions of Mecklenburg & Brandenburg near Berlin are populated with many bases for self-skippered boat rentals. Olt (entering at Turnu Măgurele) Besides the often frequented route between Vienna and Budapest, some ships even go from Passau in Germany to the Danube Delta and back. The Danube river flows with a rich cultural history that’s second to none in Europe. During the peak season, more than 70 cruise liners are in use on the river, while the traffic-free upper parts can only be discovered with canoes or boats. The Danube is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga River in Russia with an overall length of 1,780 miles. The oldest bridge across the Danube, constructed by Apollodorus of Damascus between 103 and 105 CE, directed by Trajan, modern Serbia and Romania. All Rights Reserved. Tisza 29. Between the late 14th and late 19th centuries, the Ottoman Empire competed first with the Kingdom of Serbia, Second Bulgarian Empire, Kingdom of Hungary, Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia and later with the Austrian Habsburgs, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Russian Empire for controlling the Danube (Tuna in Turkish), which became the northern border of the Ottoman Empire for centuries. Today, 2,415 km (1,501 mi) of its total length are navigable. Its wetlands support vast flocks of migratory birds of over 300 species, including the endangered pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus). The Danube flows through many cities, including four national capitals (shown below in bold), more than any other river in the world. Danube River Map. Although the headwaters of the Danube are relatively small today, geologically, the Danube is much older than the Rhine, with which its catchment area competes in today's southern Germany. Since such large volumes of underground water erode much of the surrounding limestone, it is estimated that the Danube upper course will one day disappear entirely in favor of the Rhine, an event called stream capturing. The Danube (Latin name Hister) is the second-longest river in Europe (the Volga is the longest). In Baden-Württemberg, Germany, almost 30 percent (as of 2004) of the water for the area between Stuttgart, Bad Mergentheim, Aalen and Alb-Donau (district) comes from purified water of the Danube. A cruise starting in Passau is a great way to see Danube. Many of the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars (1366–1526) and Ottoman–Habsburg wars (1526–1791) were fought along the river. It was on Leuke, in one version of his legend, that the hero Achilles was buried (to this day, one of the mouths of the Danube is called Chilia). In Serbia, a canal network also connects to the river; the network, known as the Danube–Tisa–Danube Canals, links sections downstream. In 1999, transport on the river was made difficult by the NATO bombing of three bridges in Serbia during the Kosovo War. Croatian: Dunav (IPA: [dǔna(ː)ʋ]); Alexander the Great defeated the Triballian king Syrmus and the northern barbarian Thracian and Illyrian tribes by advancing from Macedonia as far as the Danube in 336 BC. Cruise Grand European Tour Imagine 15 magical days along the Rhine, Main and Danube Rivers. Silesian: Důnaj; Parts of this ancient river's bed, which was much larger than today's Danube, can still be seen in (now waterless) canyons in today's landscape of the Swabian Alb. , In 2010–12, shipping companies (especially from Ukraine) claimed that their vessels suffered from "regular pirate attacks", on the Serbian and Romanian stretches of the Danube. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării pronounced [ˈdelta ˈdunərij]; Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, romanized: Del'ta Dunayu) is the largest river delta in the European Union. Facts, News, Maps, Photos, Travel Information and Cruise Recommendations for a complete overview of the second longest river in Europe. The Danube Commission is concerned with the maintenance and improvement of the river's navigation conditions. It continues to Engelhartszell, with the only Trappist monastery in Austria. German Rivers - River Map of Germany displaying the lakes and flowing path of the rivers in Germany. May 4, 2015 - Map: Passau, Germany to Budapest, Hungary via the Danube River. Some fishermen are still active at certain points on the river, and the Danube Delta still has an important industry.  The possibility of building a man-made fish pass enabling migration for fish species including the sturgeon, is currently under review by projects such as We Pass. Iskar (entering near Gigen) Romanian: Dunărea (IPA: [ˈdunəre̯a]); The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire and today flows through 10 countries. Members include representatives from Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Slovakia, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, and Serbia, It meets regularly twice a year. Cyclists don't need to have been on the Danube Cycle Route for long to see for themselves why this river has always been so influential in the world of the arts and culture. The river is mentioned a great number of times throughout the, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 15:39. Click on the map below for details of each river section. A few species of euryhaline fish, such as European seabass, mullet, and eel, inhabit the Danube Delta and the lower portion of the river. Germany, berth for ships and buildungs along Danube River in the city of Passau in Bavaria near the border with Austria Germany, Bavaria, Passau, Danube River. Insider Guide: Why Fresh Pasta Can Make Your Holiday to Italy Memorable, Less is More: Explore More on a Luxury River Cruise With So Much Included, International Women’s Day: The Rise of the Female Solo Traveller, The 10 Most Famous Cathedrals and Basilicas Across Europe, River Cruises for Solo Travellers – 12 Solo River Cruise Tips, Top 10 Attractions on a Nile River Cruise, Douro Cruise – a Guide to Cruising the Douro River. The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) is an organization consisting of 14 member states (Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Montenegro and Ukraine) and the European Union. Downstream from the Freudenau locks in Vienna, canalization of the Danube was limited to the Gabčíkovo dam and locks near Bratislava and the two double Iron Gate locks in the border stretch of the Danube between Serbia and Romania. The river runs for roughly 2850km, or around 1770 miles, flowing through 10 countries until it reaches the Black Sea via the Danube delta. , The Thraco-Phrygian name was Matoas, "the bringer of luck".. Hecateus Abderitas refers to Apollo's island from the region of the Hyperboreans, in the Okeanos. Call us at 800-510-4002 or inquire about a vacation here. German: Donau (IPA: [ˈdoːnaʊ] (listen)); Zillen are still used today for fishing, ferrying, and other transport of goods and people in this area. Further highlight-stops along the Danube, include the "Schlögener Schlinge", the city of Linz, which was European Capital of Culture in 2009 with its contemporary art richness, the Melk Abbey, the university city of Krems and the cosmopolitan city of Vienna. At the end of the Okeanos Potamos, is the holy island of Alba (Leuke, Pytho Nisi, Isle of Snakes), sacred to the Pelasgian (and later, Greek) Apollo, greeting the sun rising in the east. Romanian differs from other surrounding languages in designating the river with a feminine term, Dunărea. The city is surrounded by the Little Carpathian Mountains, creating an elegant background for the bars and cafes that reside within the old town. Over 56,184km² in Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg are drained by the Danube – almost 17% of the entire country and 7% of the Danube River Basin. In 2010 the Donausteig, a hiking trail from Passau to Grein, was opened. Prut (entering near Galați). Russian: Дунай, romanized: Dunaj (IPA: [dʊˈnɑj]); , The modern languages spoken in the Danube basin all use names related to Dānuvius: Learn more about the Danube River in this article. In Avestan, the same word means "river". Downstream of the Iron Gate, the river is free flowing all the way to the Black Sea, a distance of more than 860 kilometres (530 mi). Waterways of Germany. Great Morava In the Rigveda, Dānu once appears as the mother of Vrtra, "a dragon blocking the course of the rivers". 21. So the Route of Emperors and Kings was the setting for many important historical events, which characterize the Danube up until today. Slovene: Donava (IPA: [ˈdóːnaʋa]); Many of the statues that can be seen are crafted from gold, giving them a beautiful glow in the afternoon sun. , The river was known to the ancient Greeks as the Istros (Ἴστρος) a borrowing from a Daco-Thracian name meaning 'strong, swift', from a root possibly also encountered in the ancient name of the Dniester (Danaster in Latin, Tiras in Greek) and akin to Iranic turos 'swift' and Sanskrit iṣiras (इषिरस्) 'swift', from the PIE *isro-, *sreu 'to flow'. 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Before the Route of Emperors and Kings ends, you pass Bratislava and Budapest, the latter which was seen as the twin town of Vienna during the times of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Danube Bend is also a popular tourist destination. Italian: Danubio (IPA: [daˈnuːbjo]); It also convenes groups of experts to consider items provided for in the commission's working plans. As one of Hungary’s oldest towns, Esztergom is home to a number of historical marvels for you to explore. At Esztergom and Štúrovo, the Danube separates Hungary from Slovakia, The Danube between Belene and Belene Island, Bulgaria. However, some of the river's resources have been managed in an environmentally unsustainable manner in the past, leading to damage by pollution, alterations to the channel and major infrastructure development, including large hydropower dams. This article is about the river. We have 18 tours that range from 4 days up to 15 days. Greek: Δούναβης (IPA: [ˈðunavis]); Taking a river cruise down the picturesque Danube River offers passengers an ideal way to witness its many splendors even on a quick day trip! Cite journal requires |journal= (help). 31. A number of painters from the early 16th century – Altdorfer, Jörg Breu the Elder and Huber – came to form the “Danube School” of landscape painting, owing to their origins in the Danube Valley and distinctive visual style. Bavarian: Doana; It is the starting point of the Danube River in Ulm, 90 km from Stuttgart. Important tourist and natural spots along the Danube include the Wachau Valley, the Nationalpark Donau-Auen in Austria, Gemenc in Hungary, the Naturpark Obere Donau in Germany, Kopački rit in Croatia, Iron Gate in Serbia and Romania, the Danube Delta in Romania, and the Srebarna Nature Reserve in Bulgaria. Slovak: Dunaj (IPA: [ˈdunaj]); Apart from a couple of secondary navigable branches, the only major navigable rivers linked to the Danube are the Drava, Sava and Tisa. All aboard! Cruise Danube Waltz Explore four of Europe’s most enchanting countries along the storied Danube River; Austria, Germany, Hungary and Slovakia. Bulgarian: Дунав, romanized: Dunav (IPA: [ˈdunɐf]); The Danube basin was the site of some of the earliest human cultures. The Danube river flows with a rich cultural history that’s second to none in Europe. The Danube forms at the point where the Breg and Brigach streams come together in Germany’s Black Forest, with the Breg being the bigger of the two and technically the hydrological source. , The Route of Emperors and Kings is an international touristic route leading from Regensburg to Budapest, calling in Passau, Linz and Vienna. The river passes through the Slovakian Capital of Bratislava, home to the awe-inspiring reconstruction of Bratislava Castle that gazes down upon the Danube. Since the Swabian Alb is largely shaped of porous limestone, and since the Rhine's level is much lower than the Danube's, today subsurface rivers carry much water from the Danube to the Rhine. This has a few interesting geological complications. Once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, the river passes through or touches the borders of 10 countries: Romania (29.0% of basin area), Hungary (11.6%), Serbia (10.2%), Austria (10.0%), Germany (7.0%), Bulgaria (5.9%), Slovakia (5.9%), Croatia (4.4%), Ukraine (3.8%), and Moldova (1.6%). Together with its tributaries, Main and Mosel, the Rhine is by far the most significant river route in Europe.  Among these are an exceptionally high diversity of sturgeon, a total of six species (beluga, Russian sturgeon, bastard sturgeon, sterlet, starry sturgeon and European sea sturgeon), but these are all threatened and have largely–or entirely in the case of the European sea sturgeon–disappeared from the river. The Danube Delta is also the best preserved river Delta in Europe, a UNESCO World Heritage Site (since 1991) and a Ramsar Site. Jiu (entering at Bechet) There are three artificial waterways built on the Danube: the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal (DTD) in the Banat and Bačka regions (Vojvodina, northern province of Serbia); the 64 km (40 mi) Danube-Black Sea Canal, between Cernavodă and Constanța (Romania) finished in 1984, shortens the distance to the Black Sea by 400 km (250 mi); the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal is about 171 km (106 mi), finished in 1992, linking the North Sea to the Black Sea. From its source to its outlet into the Black Sea, its main tributaries are (as they enter): 18. With its well established infrastructure regarding cycling, hiking and travel possibilities, the region along the Danube attracts every year an international clientele. Its Sámi name Deatnu means "Great River". The importance of fishing on the Danube, which was critical in the Middle Ages, has declined dramatically. Before the last ice age in the Pleistocene, the Rhine started at the southwestern tip of the Black Forest, while the waters from the Alps that today feed the Rhine were carried east by the so-called Urdonau (original Danube). Romania shares 29% of the Danube’s rive… For other uses, see, Ancient cultural perspectives of the lower Danube. The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea county), while its northern part, on the left bank of the Chilia arm, is situated in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast). The river runs through the largest number of countries in the world (the Nile is second with 9 countries). Many famous castles, palaces, residences and state-run convents were built by the Habsburger along the river. The lower Danube was also called the Keras Okeanoio (Gulf or Horn of Okeanos) in the Argonautica by Apollonius Rhodos (Argon. The river is also an important source of hydropower and drinking water. In medieval Regensburg, with its maintained old town, stone bridge and cathedral, the Route of Emperors and Kings begins.  In the Middle Ages, the Greek Tiras was borrowed into Italian as Tyrlo and into Turkic languages as Tyrla, the latter further borrowed into Romanian as a regionalism (Turlă). The Danube Banks in Budapest are a part of Unesco World Heritage sites, they can be viewed from a number of sightseeing cruises offered in the city. "Iron gates II design and performance of dams- geotechnical considerations" (PDF). Rhine River. 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