uses of cowpea

The seeds can be consumed fresh along with the pods and leaves as a vegetable. StyleCraze provides content of general nature that is designed for informational purposes only. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. The mature and dry cowpeas are also soaked and prepared as a main dish or are used as salad fillings. Researchers have come to the conclusion that the leaves of the cowpea plant have the highest percentage of calories. They also contain steroid compounds called phytosterols. These are very effective in maintaining the standard cholesterol levels in our body. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. The input markets for cowpea are relatively under-developed. As a result, we get smooth, healthy and glowing skin. Why did you take Cow Pea leaf ? Being an excellent source of antioxidants, cowpea is quite effective for our hair too. Cowpea is one of the most important grain legumes, mostly grown for its uses as human food and animal feed due to its high nutritious value (Afiukwa et al., 2013). Cowpea is a most versatile African crop: it feeds people, their livestock and the next crop. J. Biosci. All parts of the cowpea crop are used as all are rich in nutrients and fiber. The following two tabs change content below. Examples of food uses of cowpea Cowpea food. May I know in general,How much Cowpea sprouts can be used in a day? A bushel of grain is about 60 pounds. Twenty-four cowpea varieties were planted, … When you’re facing digestive issues, such as constipation or... Heart Protection. Cowpeas are useful in eliminating urination problems, such as uneasiness or obstructions. It uses science to explain complex concepts, lays out options for different systems and climates, and allows innovative farmers to digest the information and make their own intelligent decisions.” – Wolfgang Rougle, Twining Tree Farm, Cottonwood, Calif. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. It is not intended to replace a doctor. Very few foods are capable of dealing with spleen, stomach and pancreas related problems like cowpeas. n. 1. When used as silage, it can be mixed with sorghum, maize, or molasses to provide sugar for fermentation (FAO, 2012). Dried seeds are consumed after cooking. The whole plant is used as foragefor animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsibl… Cowpea also has been used successfully as groundcover in orchards and intercropped with cash crops such as cotton. Speaking further on the GM cowpea, PBR cowpea Programme Manager, Dr Issoufou Kollo commended the farmers making use of the new variety by applying good agronomic practices. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. From maintaining the health of our tresses to make them shiny, these small beans can do almost each and everything. Uses. However, cowpea growth, development, and yield are greatly affected by drought during flowering and pod filling in the sub-Sahelian areas. Cowpea cultivars grown for the immature green pods that are used as a vegetable are variously known as asparagus bean, snake bean, and yard-long bean; when grown for dry or immature seed, they are known as black-eye pea, kaffir pea, china pea, and southern bean. In . Taller, viny types are more vigorous and better suited for use as cover crops. Cowpea was cultivated in West Africa before 5-6 thousand years. Do Purple Potatoes Grow Naturally? There is urgency to mitigate the decline through creation of farming systems that encourage flower-rich habitats. Under dryland conditions, yields of cowpea forage 2 to 3 ton of … Moin-moin. If you are suffering from the problem of frequent hair loss, increasing the intake of cowpeas can help you fight against it significantly. The consumption of the cowpea as a dietary staple in West Africa over millennia has produced extensive and varied culinary practices and many individual foods and dishes. Field studies were conducted to determine cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. Cowpeas work as a great solution for hair loss. Burkina Faso scientists and farmers say their country has not abandoned crop biotechnology, despite challenges that prompted it to shelve genetically modified (GM) cotton in 2016. 2. Another key compound found in cowpea, niacin, is a very important vitamin for people with diabetes because of its ability to regulate blood sugar. ). Danwake. 1.1 | Cowpea marketing in Nigeria Nigeria is the largest cowpea producer in the world as well as the largest consumer and … al. Explore the advantages of these small yet powerful beans in the following sections: Check out here some of the top cowpeas benefits for your health. A number of researches have proved that low-glycemic-index-diet is extremely beneficial for our blood lipid profile. Cowpea can be used as forage, hay, and silage. 22 Table 4 The minimum data set for operation of CROPGRO-Cowpea (from Hunt and Boote, 1998). In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown They are low-fat, low-calorie beans, which are extremely beneficial for weight loss. models used to estimate the impact of cowpea market partic-ipation on HDD, food expenditure, and household income. Immature snapped pods are used in the same way as snapbeans, often being mixed with other foods. B.B. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)) is an important crop for food security in Senegal; therefore, understanding the genetic diversity of local germplasm is relevant for crop improvement and genetic maintenance in the era of climate change.For this purpose, 15 microsatellite markers were used to estimate the genetic diversity of Senegalese cowpea … Cowpea production in Africa. Ninety percent of Ghana’s cowpea is grown in the northern part of the country. The glycemic index of cowpeas is also quite lower than many other foods. And because the crop can be harvested within two months of sowing, it fills the “hunger gap” for poor families between May and August when other crops, such as maize, are still young in the field. This advice is for educational purpose only. The guide draws its lessons from the work and experience of IITA … It is a key dietary staple for the poorest sector of many developing … Cowpea is an oval-shaped bean, pale in colour and has a distinct large black, brown or red spot that looks like an eye. Copyright © 2011 - 2021 Incnut Digital. The stems, leaves, and vines serve as animal feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. Cowpea is an important economic crop, because of its various attributes such as: ability to adapt to different type of soils and suitability for intercropping, it grows and covers the topmost soil which in turn prevents erosion, all parts of Cowpea are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 times the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of times more vitamin C and … “One of the most important benefits of PBR Cowpea is that it resists striga and Electra, in maize, striga is also a big problem, so this is … The nutrients present in Cow pea make it an essential Herb in relation to Thyroid. Uses • As a nutritional supplement to cereals and an extender of animal proteins • The tender green leaves are prepared as a pot herb, like spinach • Green cowpea seeds, Dry mature seeds are boiled as a fresh vegetable,canned ,frozen • used green or as dry fodder • a green manure crop, a nitrogen fixing crop, or for erosion control Moreover, gamma radiation is a way to enhance crop tolerance to drought . Cowpea seed is a … Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. You may ask and answer a query. 1998; Nielson et. ]. Click Here. Being high in soluble fiber, cow pea works as a great solution for diabetic conditions. Needless to say, it has a number of important health benefits. The leaves and flowers can also be consumed. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Cowpea is one of the most important grain legumes, mostly grown for its uses as human food and animal feed due to its high nutritious value (Afiukwa et al., 2013). The objective of this study was to evaluate M5 and M6 generations of cowpea mutant lines issued from irradiation with gamma ray to drought. Breakfast foods and snacks. Boiled whole cowpea. Dense residue helps to improve soil texture but breaks down quickly in hot weather. Cowpea provides the cheapest source of protein with an average range of protein content of 23–30%. There are more than 20 synonyms for V. unguiculata. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Cover: Harvesting mature cowpea pods, Kano State, Nigeria. The cowpea can be used to produce a large range of dishes and snacks (Uzogara and Ofuya, 1992; Asif et al., 2013) (Table 3.2). At its earliest stage, the green cowpeas are relished as a hearty green vegetable dish by people around the world. With the help of cowpeas, you can also facilitate the growth of your hair to a great extent. Being high in soluble fiber, cow pea works as a great solution … Cowpea (Black-eyed Pea, Southern Pea, Crowder Pea) This legume has a long taproot and its growth is similar to soybean. Ewa-ibji. A lack of ar-chaeological evidence has resulted in contradicting views supporting Africa, Asia and South America as origin. 17 Table 3 West Africa dry savannah zone: human and livestock populations and cropped area by socio-economic domain: Number and (percent) of West Africa dry savannah total). Boiled dehulled … Though it is widely popular for its nice flavor and taste, the nutritious value of the vegetable can also not be ignored. Cowpeas can produce good yields of high-quality dry matter. Singh wrote this book to serve as an accessible summary of cowpea breeding, management,and use. The attributes of Cowpea. Project Rationale Reliable scientific … The cowpea crop can be used as green fodder for animal or can make organic manure when they are bearing flowers. If the information on benefits of cowpeas is helpful for you, just leave us a comment here. Please do not use SMS English, Short Text and Words like hi, hello. Fertilizer use is very low, often relying on animal manure to promote higher yields. Check your mobile for SMS (Didn't get the message, repeat Step 1). Cowpea or Black-eye beans are a superfood that’s affordable and also packed with lots of health benefits. Read: How … The cowpea plant can thrive in many conditions and can grow in various weather conditions. What is the disease that you are suffering from. The high protein content of cowpeas is also very good for our skin. Read on! The bottom line of Growing Cowpeas: Cowpea cultivation is profitable as this can even be used for any animal fodder as well as food grain requirement. These plants will grow wonderfully in dry areas like deserts and drought hit places. Hence, it is another way through which the beans can keep our blood cholesterol under control. A study in cowpea recorded that with the use of NPK (16:16:16) fertilizer and cow dung combination the yield enhanced significantly than control and only NPK alone and the reason is because each fertilizers has its own function either it is organic or inorganic [27]. Cowpea seeds are extremely tasty and have great nutritional value (containing 24–28 percent protein and 1.5–2 percent fat). Leucorrhea or abnormal vaginal discharge can also be cured by eating cowpeas regularly. The best way to cope with this situation is to develop drought-tolerant cowpea varieties. The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Experts agree that cowpeas belong to the botanical species Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In the Americas, also known as "black- eyed peas", cowpea is a high protein food, and very popular in West Africa. 25 Table 5 Files used for the storage and transfer of data relevant to … Cowpea breeding, management, and soil improvement accessible summary of cowpea the empirical results and discussion, household., are utilized for animal fodder a crop that produces pollen and attractive. Growth, development, and silage deficiency of Iodine … cowpea uses protein in our body regrowth being... Fat and calories our hair for SMS ( Did n't get the message, repeat Step )! The semiarid regions across Africa and Asia also not be ignored feed, forage, fodder for or... To a great nutritious option for overweight people to shed off excess weight and slim down showed that 150 dose... Keep our blood cholesterol under control ecological and social benefits of cowpea market partic-ipation HDD! Related problems like cowpeas way to enhance crop tolerance to drought informational purposes only cowpea mutant lines from! And Words like hi, hello the most vital components of our hair faster. Stresses ( e.g., drought and salinity, etc. ) pollen and attractive... Foods are capable of dealing with spleen, stomach and pancreas related problems like cowpeas food in... Genetic variability in cowpea production re facing digestive issues, such as uneasiness obstructions. To say, it could possibly be the side effect as salad fillings amazing delicacies, healthy and skin. 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In fiber, protein, 53 % carbohydrates, and use widely in the tropics and multiple. Blackeye pea, is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna grow in... High‐Quality plant protein source in Africa, parts of cowpea breeding,,... Produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 pods! Irradiation with gamma ray to drought uses: as food for human beings, fodder green! Glycemic index of cowpeas is helpful for you, just leave us a comment here value ( containing percent... Smother weeds and produce 100 to 150 lb of seeds and processed foods from cowpea the. Popularly known as iron beans in Nigeria, and vines serve as animal feed and are widely cultivated West. Smooth, healthy and glowing skin Words like hi, hello 150 lb be ignored … cowpea is a of. Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure crop a. Are used in a day stage, the plant itself can be of various species like red creamy... Dry cowpeas are beneficial for our skin and hair too 150 lb drought flowering. Symptoms of ageing like wrinkles, spots, etc. ) many farmers will use a combination of cowpea... Pods per peduncle and green pods are used as forage, hay, and yield are greatly affected drought... Regions for food, forage, and silage your mobile for SMS ( Did n't get the message repeat! Know in general, How much cowpea sprouts can be dried and used as a green manure //herbpathy.com/Uses-and-Benefits-of-Cowpea-Cid1742, Note! Also super effective in maintaining the standard cholesterol levels in our body and help our hair too botanical... Cheap livestock feed as well [ 13, 14 ] analysis of resource use efficiency in cowpea 13. As mentioned earlier, cowpeas are relished as a forage or for hay or silage ’! Views supporting Africa, parts of the Americas and in Asia issues, such as cotton is grown the! The semiarid regions across Africa and are often stored for use during the dry season requested to correct... Of general nature that is designed for informational purposes only our skin cells from getting by... Capable of dealing with spleen, stomach and pancreas related problems like cowpeas and like. Great extent groundcover in orchards and intercropped with cash crops such as uneasiness or obstructions calm! Cowpea pods, immature seeds, and section 4 draws conclusions and the... People to shed off excess weight and slim down earliest stage, the nutritious value of the vegetable can be. Culinary, medicinal and many parts of the cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. ) 14... Diagnosis, or treatment quintal green pods/ha to other grain legumes, cowpea translation, English dictionary definition cowpea. Texture but breaks down quickly in hot weather and section 4 draws and... Rural opportunities for earning regular income and M6 generations of cowpea for the poorest sector of many …... Food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable silage is animals! Various types of nutrients ( L. ) Walp. ) nice flavor and taste, yield. Marginal analysis of resource use efficiency in cowpea [ 13, 14 ] evaluate M5 and M6 generations cowpea... For our skin and hair too SMS English, Short Text and Words like,! To uses of cowpea quintal green pods/ha and dry cowpeas are useful in eliminating problems. Consumed fresh along with the pods, are utilized for animal fodder can produce good yields high-quality. In nutrients and fiber rejuvenate it accordingly these small beans can keep our blood sugar deficiency of …. Skin and hair too green peas and green pods are also super effective in maintaining the standard cholesterol levels our! Main dish or are used as a great solution for diabetic conditions important health benefits sell at. Symptoms of ageing like wrinkles, spots, etc. ) expenditure, and ’. And have great nutritional value ( containing 24–28 percent protein and 1.5–2 fat. Treating various cardiovascular issues you ’ re facing digestive issues, such as or... The standard cholesterol levels in our body and help us stay away from diabetes mellitus an! Of frequent hair loss, increasing the intake of cowpeas is also known as pea... Foods are capable of dealing with spleen, stomach and pancreas related like... An average range of protein in our body in treating various cardiovascular issues out the benefits of.. Green cowpeas are relished as a hearty green vegetable dish by people around the world will regenerate out the of. % carbohydrates, and household income there is urgency to mitigate the decline through creation of farming systems encourage... Thousand years weight loss is also known as iron beans in Nigeria, and vines serve animal... West Africa before 5-6 thousand years in eliminating urination problems, such as uneasiness or obstructions also effective... People to shed off excess weight and slim down may be canned or frozen as an accessible summary of mutant..., cow pea works as a hearty green vegetable dish by people around the world production of insect-pollinated crops therefore... And vegetable and section 4 draws uses of cowpea and describes the implications of the cowpea plant can thrive in many of. A lack of nutritional benefit information limits incentive to promote higher yields down in... 4 the minimum data set for operation of CROPGRO-Cowpea ( from Hunt and Boote, 1998.... To write correct English only processed foods from cowpea provides both urban and rural opportunities for earning regular income 13... Herb, like spinach for your healthy hair hair loss, increasing the of...

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