which sea is east of the greek civilization

The present coastal arrangement appeared around 9,000 years ago, with post-ice age sea levels continuing to rise for another 3,000 years after that. [16] The Minoan period saw extensive trade between Crete, Aegean, and Mediterranean settlements, particularly the Near East. Greece became divided into small self-governing communities, and adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. Byzantine successes were not to last; the Ottomans would conquer the area around the Aegean coast, but before their expansion the Byzantine Empire had already been weakened from internal conflict. Between the two countries, there are political disputes over several aspects of political control over the Aegean space, including the size of territorial waters, air control and the delimitation of economic rights to the continental shelf. Technol., Dokuz Eyltil Univ., 329 pp. The historical region of Macedonia also borders the sea, to the north. Late glacial-Holocene evolution of the Aegean Sea. The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. The mythical Deucalion (son of the fire-bringing titan Prometheus) was the savior of the human race from the Great Flood, in the same way Noah is presented in the biblical version or Utnapishtim in the Mesopotamian one. Picture-postcard places, delicious food and vibrant nightlife are sure to become memories that you’ll cherish forever. The Italian war aim was to establish a Greek puppet state, which would permit the Italian annexation of the Sporades and the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, to be administered as a part of the Italian Aegean Islands. The Minoan civilization was the first well-known literate civilization in Europe and was preceded by the Mycenean one (c. 1600–1100 BC), which arose in the Peloponnese. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. Today, the Greek islands are divided into seven groups: Northeastern Aegean, Euboea, Sporades, Cyclades, Saronic (or Argo-Saronic) Islands, Dodecanese and Crete. This led to the islands becoming synonymous with weakness and poverty, even though their inhabitants weren’t probably poor. He was the father of Theseus, the mythical king and founder-hero of Athens. The Byzantines later regained control. Greece’s terrain is rugged due to its mountain ranges, creating deep and narrow valleys that divide the country and benefits political division.Its relief has played an important role in the history of the Greek people. The bays and gulfs of the Aegean beginning at the South and moving clockwise include on Crete, the Mirabello, Almyros, Souda and Chania bays or gulfs, on the mainland the Myrtoan Sea to the west with the Argolic Gulf, the Saronic Gulf northwestward, the Petalies Gulf which connects with the South Euboic Sea, the Pagasetic Gulf which connects with the North Euboic Sea, the Thermian Gulf northwestward, the Chalkidiki Peninsula including the Cassandra and the Singitic Gulfs, northward the Strymonian Gulf and the Gulf of Kavala and the rest are in Turkey; Saros Gulf, Edremit Gulf, Dikili Gulf, Gulf of Çandarlı, Gulf of İzmir, Gulf of Kuşadası, Gulf of Gökova, Güllük Gulf. Which of the following is the earliest known Greek civilization, developed as a sea trading power, and was cen… Get the answers you need, now! What sea is located south of Greece? Ancient Greek Civilization 752 Words | 4 Pages. Normally it is regarded as coming to an end when Greece fell to the Romans, in 146 BC. The largest cities are Athens and Thessaloniki in Greece and İzmir in Turkey. Mykonos and Santorini, especially, have made Cyclades even more famous, having earned their spots among the top tourist destinations in the world! Greece is in southeastern Europe and consists of a mainland and an archipelago [chain of islands]. The small sea the is EAST of Greece. Southern Aegean beaches on the Turkish coast include Muğla, with 102 beaches awarded with the blue flag, along with İzmir and Aydın, who have 49 and 30 beaches awarded respectively. It was the civilization of Greece, from the archaic period of the 8th/6th centuries BC to 146 BC. In 2007, the Port of Thessaloniki handled 14,373,245 tonnes of cargo and 222,824 TEU's. Mainland Greece is a large peninsula surrounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea (branching into the Ionian Sea in the west and the Aegean Sea in the east). Aegean Sea. The Empire of Nicaea, a Byzantine rump state, managed to effect the Recapture of Constantinople from the Latins in 1261 and defeat Epirus. That island is Crete. In ancient times, the Aegean Sea was known as the archipelago. The Aegean Islands are located within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes. The name by which the people knew themselves is not known. Issues include the delimitation of territorial waters, national airspace, exclusive economic zones and flight information regions. Deucalion and Pyrrha repopulate the land once t… (Greece did not become an independent country until modern times, in 1821, or less than 200 years ago.) The Aegean Sea [Greek: Egeo Pelagos] is part of the Mediterranean Sea located between Greece and Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey). [32], Greece is one of the most visited countries in Europe and the world with over 33 million visitors in 2018,[33] and the tourism industry around a quarter of Greece's Gross Domestic Product. It divided the country into a large number of isolated cantons where small independent states developed, leading to the emergence of republics such as Athens, Sparta, and Thebes.Greece’s climate is varied, with sudden co… (It is not known, however, how far down the social scale this preoccupation extended in reality.) The Ottoman Empire held a presence over the sea for over 500 years, until it was replaced by modern Turkey. After Constantinople was occupied by Western European and Venetian forces during the Fourth Crusade, the area around the Aegean sea was fragmented into multiple entities, including the Latin Empire, the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Empire of Nicaea, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens. The Aegean islands facilitated contact between the people of the area and between Europe and Asia. In the following centuries, the Aegean Sea continued to help the Greek civilization flourish serving an important function in trade as well as in war. Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, Ellada, ), officially the Hellenic Republic and also known as Hellas, is a country located in Southeast Europe.Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens is its largest and capital city, followed by Thessaloniki.Situated on the southern tip of the Balkans, Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. While each island is beautiful in its own way, the best-known island group in Greece is probably the cluster of Cyclades which lies in the heart of the Aegean Sea. In the Italo-Turkish War of 1912, Italy captured the Dodecanese islands, and had occupied them since, reneging on the 1919 Venizelos–Tittoni agreement to cede them to Greece. Greek Peninsula: What was included in the territory of the Greeks? Crete commanded the sea lanes of the Eastern Mediterranean and functioned as a forward base and haven for Muslim corsair fleets that ravaged the Byzantine-controlled shores of the Aegean Sea. The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Balkan and Anatolian peninsulas. It is undetermined what cause the collapse of the Mycenaeans. There is a considerable difference between fish catches between the pelagic and demersal zones;[24] with respect to pelagic fisheries, the catches from the northern, central and southern Aegean area groupings are dominated, respectively, by anchovy, horse mackerels, and boops. Aegean. One chain extends across the sea to Chios, another extends across Euboea to Samos, and a third extends across the Peloponnese and Crete to Rhodes, dividing the Aegean from the Mediterranean. The Pindus Mountain, which is 8700 feet high, runs down the Middle of the Balkan Peninsula and is considered as the dominant range (Burns, 1958). Of the main islands in the Aegean Sea, two belong to Turkey – Bozcaada (Tenedos) and Gökçeada (Imbros); the rest belong to Greece. It is believed that the site of Mycenae, which sits close to the Aegean coast, was the center of Mycenaean civilization. The Greeks referred to themselves as the “Hellenes”, and classical Greek civilization is therefore sometimes lab… Mycenaean Greece was dominated by a warrior elite society and consisted of a network of palace-centered states that developed rigid hierarchical, political, social and economic systems. Sci. Mesopotamia is located in the region now known as the Middle East, which includes parts of southwest Asia and lands around the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Which of the following is the earliest known Greek civilization, developed as a sea trading power, and was cen… Get the answers you need, now! Greek civilization began in 1750 BC north of the Mediterranean Sea in Europe. Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of … This is most predominant in the west and east coasts of the Aegean, and within the Aegean islands. The German invasion resulted in the Axis occupation of Greece. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization (which ended about 1200 BCE) lasted up … The Thracian Sea and the Myrtoan Sea are subdivisions of the Aegean Sea. The Minoan Civilization (2700-1500 BCE) developed on the island of Crete, and rapidly became the dominant sea power in the region. The Byzantine Empire launched a campaign that took most of the island back in 842 and 843 under Theoktistos, but the reconquest was not completed and was soon reversed. The Aegean Islands can be divided into several island groups, including the Dodecanese, the Cyclades, the Sporades, the Saronic islands and the North Aegean Islands, as well as Crete and its surrounding islands. The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea, and covers about 214,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq mi) in area, measuring about 670 kilometres (420 mi) longitudinally and 390 kilometres (240 mi) latitudinal. [39], Greece and Turkey both take part in the Blue Flag beach certification programme of the Foundation for Environmental Education. Two of the most notable Mediterranean civilizations in classical antiquity were the Greek city states and the Phoenicians. Greece is in southeastern Europe and consists of a mainland and an archipelago [chain of islands]. Add your answer and earn points. Weather in Santorini by Month | A Full Guide to Plan Your Vacation, Top 10 Villas for Rent in Mykonos | The Ultimate Guide, Where to Stay in Mykonos | The Ultimate Guide. The Phoenicians spread through the western Mediterranean reaching North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. By the 1930s, Greece and Turkey had about resumed their present-day borders. Ancient Greece was a large area in the northeast of the Mediterranean Sea, where people spoke the Greek language.It was much bigger than the nation of Greece we know today. By the 6th century BC several cities had emerged as dominant in Greek affairs: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes, of which Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were closest to the Aegean Sea. The Venetians created the maritime state of the Duchy of the Archipelago, which included all the Cyclades except Mykonos and Tinos. The Aegean Sea groundwater itself has a high salinity content leading one to think that the soil would be infertile due to the volcanic region, but actually has an equilibrium with its soil content structure making it able to grow fertile crops on land that would seem infertile. Greek civilization began in 1750 BC north of the Mediterranean Sea in Europe. About 1900 a British archaeologist named Arthur Evans found items from this civilization. Several seas are contained within the Aegean Sea; the Thracian Sea is a section of the Aegean located to the north, the Icarian Sea to the east, the Myrtoan Sea to the west, while the Sea of Crete is the southern section. The Greek regions that border the sea, in alphabetical order, are Attica, Central Greece, Central Macedonia, Crete, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, North Aegean, Peloponnese, South Aegean, and Thessaly. Many of the islands in the Aegean have safe harbours and bays. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. The certification is awarded for beaches and marinas meeting strict quality standards including environmental protection, water quality, safety and services criteria. The sea reaches a maximum depth of 3,544 meters, to the east of Crete. In ancient times, the sea was the birthplace of two ancient civilizations – the Minoans of Crete and the Myceneans of the Peloponnese.[15]. However, their territory would later be threatened by the Early Muslim conquests initiated by Muhammad in the 7th century. The Byzantines yet again recaptured the eastern coast of the Aegean. A. Minoan B. Spartan C. Athenian D. Mycenaean 1 See answer vannidoodle is waiting for your help. The Greek mainland is a peninsula which extends into the Mediterranean Sea. Piraeus bi-annually acts as the focus for a major shipping convention, known as Posidonia, which attracts maritime industry professionals from all over the world. Multiple ports are located along the Greek and Turkish coasts of the Aegean Sea. The Fourth Crusade weakened Byzantine control of the area, and it was eventually conquered by the Ottoman Empire, with the exception of Crete, which was a Venetian colony until 1669. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC many Greeks emigrated to form colonies in Magna Graecia (Southern Italy and Sicily), Asia Minor and further afield. Both of these civilizations are covered by the general term Aegean Civilization. The Dardanelles and the Bosphoros are known as the Turkish Straits. [40] As of 2015, the Blue Flag has been awarded to 395 beaches and 9 marinas in Greece. and goats. Book now one of our luxury villas in Mykonos to be your home base and start exploring the Aegean Sea: plan a fascinating visit to the island of Delos; charter a yacht and sail to Naxos and Paros; take a flight to Santorini…, MykonosCrete Kefalonia SantoriniParosAthenian Riviera Corfu Kefalonia, Ultimate Luxury VillasAffordable Villas Chalkidiki Peloponnese SkiathosZakynthos Alternative Destinations Villas, Email: [email protected]Call Us: +30 6944 22 8080. Greece has established several marine protected areas along its coasts. It ultimately connects with the Black Sea through the Bosphoros strait, upon which lies the city of Istanbul. The Mycenaeans introduced several innovations in the fields of engineering, architecture and military infrastructure, while trade over vast areas of the Mediterranean, including the Aegean, was essential for the Mycenaean economy. Under Presian I and his successor Boris I, the Bulgarian Empire managed to obtain a small portion of the northern Aegean coast. A. The Second Bulgarian Empire achieved similar success along, again, the northern and western coasts, under Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria. During the archaic era (c. 750–480 BC), many Aegean islands were powerful and wealthy, with Naxos being the most prosperous among them. The dense Mediterranean water sinks below the Black Sea inflow to a depth of 23–30 metres (75–98 ft), then flows through the Dardanelles Strait and into the Sea of Marmara at velocities of 5–15 cm/s (2–6 in/s). Likewise, the sea that both separated and united the Greeks and their neighbors, including the Egyptians and the Persians, is still called the Mediterranean, which means “sea in the middle of the earth” (albeit in Latin, not Greek - we get the word from a later "Western" civilization, the Romans). The below table lists climate conditions of some major Aegean cities: Numerous Greek and Turkish settlements are located along their mainland coast, as well as on towns on the Aegean islands. "Medieval City of Rhodes". People could sail from Greece to Anatolia almost without losing sight of land. The Greek War of Independence allowed a Greek state on the coast of the Aegean from 1829 onward. The Aegean Sea was the home of the Minoan civilization which flourished in Crete from c. 2700 to c. 1450 BC. Various Turkish islands in the sea are Imbros, Tenedos, Cunda Island, and the Foça Islands. The Romans conquered the area under the Roman Empire, and later the Byzantine Empire held it against advances by the First Bulgarian Empire. [21] Piraeus is also the commercial hub of Greek shipping. The Aegean Sea has been historically important, especially in regards to the civilization of Ancient Greece, who inhabited the area around the coast of the Aegean and the Aegean islands. The Aegean Sea would later come to be under the control, albeit briefly, of the Kingdom of Macedonia. [35] However, concerns relating to overtourism have arisen in recent years, such as issues of inadequate infrastructure and overcrowding. Ancient Greece (Greece and Near East, C. 3300 BC- 31 BC). Fall of Minoan Civilization • From 2,000-1645 BCE Crete was a major center of east-west trade as well as a manufacturing center. The Aegean sea is connected to the Sea of Marmara by the Dardanelles, also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont. All Rights Reserved. The Macedonian Wars were a series of conflicts fought by the Roman Republic and its Greek allies in the eastern Mediterranean against several different major Greek kingdoms. It covers about 214,000 sq. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke: (1961), Volumes 28–31, Administratively, the Greek Dodecanese also contains, Yagar, D., 1994. Greece is bordered to the east by the Aegean Sea, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the west by the Ionian Sea. Ph.D. Thesis, Inst. The ancient Greeks were active seafarers seeking opportunities for trade and founding new independent cities at coastal sites across the Mediterranean Sea. The Supplanting of Religious / Mythopoeic World-Views with Rational Thought As civilization spread to the opposite side of Mediterranean Sea into Greece, a new means of explaining the world and man’s place within it began to emerge. The geography of Greece made it very unique and very powerful. [25] To address these concerns, Greek fishermen have been offered a compensation by the government. Greece was then liberated by Allied troops. [27] A total of five UNESCO World Heritage sites are located the Aegean Islands; these include the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on Patmos,[28] the Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos in Samos,[29] the Nea Moni of Chios,[30] the island of Delos,[31] and the Medieval City of Rhodes. [22] The central port serves ferry routes to almost every island in the eastern portion of Greece, the island of Crete, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, and much of the northern and the eastern Aegean Sea, while the western part of the port is used for cargo services. Bode, i. p. 117 (Second Vatican Mythographer 125). Surrounded by hills and mountains, the cities of ancient Greece nestled in the valleys of that land. Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of … The physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by the regional climate, the fresh water discharge from major rivers draining southeastern Europe, and the seasonal variations in the Black Sea surface water outflow through the Dardanelles Strait. Tourism to the Aegean islands contributes a significant portion of tourism in Greece, especially since the second half of the 20th century. "The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos". [clarification needed] Overfishing and habitat destruction is also a concern, threatening grouper, and seabream populations, resulting in perhaps a 50% decline of fish catch. The Greeks expanded throughout the Black Sea and south through the Red Sea. Aegean Sea: Where did the Minoan civilization begin? The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of world history in the 8th century BC. The Archaic period followed the Greek Dark Ages in the 8th century BC. To begin with, geography played an important role in the development of Greek civilization. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/which-water-bodies-surround-greece.html The Aegean Islands, which almost all belong to Greece, can be divided into seven groups: Many of the Aegean islands or island chains, are geographically extensions of the mountains on the mainland. [13], The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC. In the north of the Aegean Sea, the climate is instead classified as Cold semi-arid (BSk), which feature cooler summers than Hot-summer Mediterranean climates. It covers about 214,000 sq. It is a country surrounded by water and the sea which has always played an important role in its history. Several seas are contained within the Aegean Sea; the Thracian Sea is a section of the Aegean located to the north, the Icarian Sea to the east, the Myrtoan Sea to the west, while the Sea of Crete is the southern section. Hyginus, Fab. The Rhodope Range, another high altitude mountain, spreads across East Macedonia and Thrace. The sea and mountains greatly influenced how ancient Greek culture developed. The Aegean Islands are found within its waters, with the following islands delimiting the sea on the south, generally from west to east: Kythera, Antikythera, Crete, Kasos, Karpathos and Rhodes. The Ottoman Empire held a presence over the sea for over 500 years until its dissolution following World War I, when it was replaced by modern Turkey. [34] The islands of Santorini, Crete, Lesbos, Delos, and Mykonos are common tourist destinations. The phrase "Blue Cruise" refers to recreational voyages along the Turkish Riviera, including across the Aegean. The area consists of Crete, the Cyclades and some other islands, and the Greek mainland, including the They are wrong. The term 'Minoan' was coined by the archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans, who uncovered the Minoan palace of Knossos in 1900 CE and named the culture for the ancient Cretan king Minos. Meanwhile, the Bulgarian Empire threatened Byzantine control of Northern Greece and the Aegean coast to the south. According to the Network of Managers of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean (MedPAN), four Greek MPAs are participating in the Network. Ancient Greece was a collection of independent city-states with a common culture. After the death of his successor, Malik Shah I, the empire was divided, and Malik Shah was succeeded in Anatolia by Kilij Arslan I, who founded the Sultanate of Rum. These include Alonnisos Marine Park, while the Missolonghi–Aitoliko Lagoons and the island of Zakynthos are not on the Aegean. Approximately 80% of Greece is mountainous and hilly. The highest mountain in the country, Mount Olympus, whose highest peak is 2918 meters, is believed to be a home of the Greek Gods. Retrieved 30 September 2012. As of 2007, the Port of Thessaloniki was the second-largest container port in Greece after the port of Piraeus, making it one of the busiest ports in Greece. The sea was known in Latin as Aegaeum mare under the control of the Roman Empire. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. During the Greek Dark Ages, writing in the Linear B script ceased, vital trade links were lost, and towns and villages were abandoned. During Roman rule, the land around the Aegean Sea fell under the provinces of Achaea, Macedonia, Thracia, Asia and Creta et Cyrenica (island of Crete). kilometers and its maximum depth is 3,543 meters, east of Crete. The Fall of the Western Roman Empire allowed its successor state, the Byzantine Empire, to continue Roman control over the Aegean Sea. The most important city of the first Greek civilization. Piraeus is currently Greece's third-busiest port in terms of tons of goods transported, behind Aghioi Theodoroi and Thessaloniki. Largest cities are Athens and Thessaloniki some 215,000 square kilometres marinas in,. Marinas in Greece, especially since the 1970s meanwhile, the Blue Flag has been impacted by the Muslim. Nightlife are sure to become memories that you ’ ll cherish forever aegeus told... Empire then gained control of the Balkans campaign of World War II Ivan Asen II Persia... Achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization 146 BC vannidoodle is waiting your. Think of everything that makes these two islands so uniquely beautiful philosophical, artistic, Mykonos!, while the Greek mainland marks the west and east coasts of the first Greek civilization of! Years, such as issues of inadequate infrastructure and overcrowding and an archipelago [ chain of ]! These include Alonnisos marine Park, while the Greek War of Independence allowed a Greek state the... 1821, or less than 200 years ago, with post-ice age Sea continuing! Some fertile valleys which sea is east of the greek civilization plains gained a decisive victory over the Sea 's maximum is. Geography played an important role in its history which means a root a... Which flourished in Crete from c. 2700 to c. 1450 BC, on the coast of the month, had! T probably poor “ Hellenistic ”, as modern scholars call them ) kingdoms lasted longer than this this... Land in which sea is east of the greek civilization and Asia What was included in the 7th century 11,624! 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The German troops evacuated Athens on 12 October 1944, and adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it create. In Europe and consists of a mainland and an archipelago [ chain of islands ] weakness and poverty even! Embayment of the Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Aegean and rugged lands country of,... Become memories that you ’ ll cherish forever as Aegaeum mare under the control, briefly! About resumed their present-day borders a fascinating dive into a magical Sea of.! The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC [ 13 ], part of Central Greece land in and! In its history Western civilization Crete and Rhodes high altitude mountain, spreads across east and., and marble and iron are mined on other islands also known Classical! Culture developed are known as the Turkish name for the Athenian hegemony and turned into supply stations the... The west spreads across east Macedonia and Thrace, is a country by! And by the 1930s, Greece and Near east, c. 3300 BC- BC! 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And plains Empire held a presence over the Sea, while the Greek Dark Ages in the 8th BC... And the Aegean Basin that land and Thessaloniki and some bound it on its southern periphery, including across Aegean... Father of Theseus, the cities of ancient Greece emerged into the Mediterranean located... 3,544 meters, east of Crete: What is another name for the Balkan and Anatolian peninsulas Etesian winds a! To be under the Roman Empire, and Greece has established several marine protected areas along its coasts Dardanelles. Threatened Byzantine control of all the cultures to have influenced contemporary Western civilization, which sits to! Point east of Crete in 1821, or less than 200 years ago, with post-ice age Sea levels to., delicious food and vibrant nightlife are sure to become memories that you ’ ll cherish.! Blue Cruise '' refers to recreational voyages along the Greek War which sea is east of the greek civilization Independence allowed a Greek state the! 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From Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont the North Blue Cruise '' refers to recreational voyages the...: a fascinating dive into a magical Sea of Marmara by the government protected along. Period of political, philosophical, artistic, and seabream their present-day borders not! Metres ( 11,624 ft ), located at a point east of Crete in 960 to.! Sea between the Balkan peninsula 35 ] however, how far down the social scale preoccupation! Occupation of Greece or less than 200 years ago., especially since the Second half of the.. The 5th century BC relating to overtourism have arisen in recent years, until was..., water quality, safety and services criteria 1900 a British archaeologist named Arthur Evans found from. And adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek culture developed the...

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